Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan Examples & Recipes

Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan

Gestational diabetes is a complication of asymptomatic pregnancy which is generally observed between the 24th and the 28th weeks of pregnancy during a glucose tolerance test. It is important to treat this gestational diabetes properly because there are short-term and long-term consequences for both the baby and the mother. In Canada, gestational diabetes occurs in 2% to 4% of pregnancies, and in France, up to 6% of pregnant women have gestational diabetes. It disappears after delivery in 90% of these cases.

Why follow a diet suitable for gestational diabetes?

When you have gestational diabetes, you will be assigned a nutritionist who will help you rebalance your diet during that period. In general, gestational diabetes is the result of poor diet or poor eating habits. When we talk about diet suited to gestational diabetes, we are not talking about a diet to lose weight; we talk about a balanced, healthy and varied diet.

What can I eat at breakfast?

As always, it is important to have a good breakfast. In the morning, it is important to maintain the blood sugar level, limit carbohydrates, and focus on protein consumption.

  • Tea, coffee or defatted cocoa without sugar
  • A plain yogurt or white cheese
  • From grain bread, crackers or 2 slices of whole meal bread with a little margarine
  • Fruit, for example, strawberries

As a snack at 10 am, you can take yogurt or a little bit of white cheese.

What can I eat at lunch?

It is important to eat lots of green vegetables and raw vegetables at all meals. If you eat starchy foods, it is advisable to eat along with your vegetables because the fiber helps to balance the carbohydrates found in starchy foods that are still essential in our diet.

  • Gestational Diabetes Diet RecipesA portion of raw vegetables or green vegetables
  • Two eggs, one serving of meat or fish (about 100 g)
  • A dairy or a small piece of cheese
  • A fruit
  • One slice of bread

What can I eat at dinner?

As for lunch, do not forget to eat plenty of both cooked and raw vegetables at will. You can eat a small portion of meat or fish but in small quantities, 100 grams maximum.

  • A soup of green vegetables or raw vegetables
  • Cooked starches (max 100g)
  • Vegetables at will
  • One serving of meat or fish (max 100)
  • A dairy product
  • A fruit

Sample Gestational diabetes recipes

 The following recipes are easy and delicious specifically meant for people with gestational diabetes.

Flavored Herbal swordfish

  • Servings: 4
  • Prep Time: 5 minutes
  • Cooking Time: 10 minutes


  • Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan12 oz. swordfish
  • 1 sprig of thyme
  • 1 pinch of salt
  • 1 pinch of pepper
  • 1 olive oil
  • 1/2 lemon


  • Brush the swordfish, slice on each side with olive oil and sprinkle with thyme.
  • Add salt and pepper, marinate in the fridge until cooked.
  • Fry the fish 2-3 minutes per side
  • Leave it a few minutes in the pan off the fire.
  • Serve on warm plates with a lemon wedge.

Nutrition Information

  • Calories: 538
  • Carbohydrates: 5.1g
  • Fats: 29.9g
  • Proteins: 60.1g

Spicy Fish fillet delicacy

  •  Servings: 4
  • Prep Time: 5 minutes
  • Cooking Time: 15 minutes


  • Sesame oil or vegetable oil
  • Grated orange zest
  • 1/2 tsp. of salt
  • Pepper
  • 4 haddock fillets
  • 3/4 cup sesame seeds
  • 1 package fresh spinach, trimmed
  • ½ tbsp. melted butter


  • In a bowl, using a whisk, combine oil, orange zest and half the salt and pepper. Brush this mixture on each side of fish fillets. Put the sesame seeds on a plate and pass the fish fillets, turning to coat.
  • Place the fish fillets on a baking tray and cook under preheated broiler, about 6 inches  from the heat source, for about 8 minutes and the flesh flakes easily with a fork (turn the fillets once during cooking).
  • Meanwhile, rinse spinach, shaking off excess water and place in a large saucepan. Cover (without water) over medium-high heat for about 3 minutes or until spinach are softened. Drain. Add the butter and remaining salt and pepper and mix. Divide the spinach among four plates and place the fish fillets. Serve immediately.

Nutrition Information

  • Calories: 267
  • Carbohydrates: 7.5g
  • Fats: 7.8g
  • Proteins: 42.3g

All Season Herb Roasted Turkey

  • Gestational Diabetes Diet PlanServings: 6
  • Prep Time: 5 minutes
  • Cooking Time: 3 hours


  • 10 pounds turkey
  • 2 heads of garlic, halved and cleaned
  • 1 lemon
  • 4 onions, halved
  • 14 sprigs thyme, fresh
  • 2 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 tablespoon salt, preferably kosher salt
  • 2 large carrots
  • 2 celery stalks
  • 3/4 cup of low-sodium chicken broth


  • Preheat your oven to 375° Operating on the baking sheet, prepare the turkey by removing the neck and giblets. Dispose the giblets and pat the turkey using a paper towel to dry.
  • Stuff half the onions, lemon, garlic and 8 sprigs thyme into the main cavity of the turkey. Close the cavity and secure the ingredients by securing the legs with kitchen wire. Rub the turkey with olive oil and 1 tablespoon of kosher salt.
  • Put the carrots, the remaining onions and sprigs thyme, turkey neck and celery into a wide roasting pan. Put the turkey on a roasting rack on top of the pan with the rest of the ingredients.
  • Roast the turkey until it turns brown. It should take about 2 and a half hours. If the vegetables in the pan begin to scorch, add chicken broth and use a foil to cover the turkey.
  • Empty the contents of the cavity into the pan with vegetables. Carve the bird and serve with herbs of your choice.

Nutritional Information

  • Calories: 146
  • Protein: 25g
  • Fat: 4g
  • Carbohydrates: 0g

Slow cooker Creamy spinach

  • Gestational Diabetes Diet Plan Servings: 8
  • Prep Time: 10 minutes
  • Cook Time: 5 hours.


  • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 packages (300 g each) of frozen spinach.
  • 2 cups cottage cheese
  • 1 1/2 cup yellow cheese
  • 1 c. teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup butter
  • 3 eggs, beaten


  • Grease the bowl of a slow cooker.
  • In a medium-sized bowl, mix the butter, cottage cheese, spinach, flour, yellow cheese, eggs, and salt. Mix well. Transfer to slow cooker.
  • Cook on High heat for about an hour.
  • Cook on low for 4-5 hours.

 Nutrition information

  • Calories: 106
  • Protein: 7.5g
  • Fat: 7.8g
  • Carbohydrates: 1.5g

Do not forget to consult a nutritionist to establish your menu adapted to your type of diabetes. It is important to exercise in addition to having a healthy and balanced diet.

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