Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1

Type I diabetes mellitus, formerly referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This condition is known to occur at any age group, but the majority of affected individuals are diagnosed in their mid-teenage years. This condition is characterized by a deficiency in the pancreatic hormone, called insulin. Insulin is particularly produced by […]

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the potentially life-threatening acute complications of diabetes mellitus. In the past, diabetic ketoacidosis was considered as the hallmark of Type I diabetes, but current data show that it can be also diagnosed in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. It is often seen among patients who are poorly compliant to […]

Vitamin B12 and Senility

Vitamin B12 and Senility

Diabetic patients with diabetic neuropathy may be suffering from neuropathy not because the high blood sugar has damaged the nerves but instead because the elevated blood sugar levels have impaired the absorption of vitamin B12 in the gastrointestinal tract. Vitamin B12 is vital if you want to have healthy peripheral and autonomic nerves, and if […]

Peripheral Neuropathy Explained

Nerve damage is the most common complication of diabetes. It affects all types of nerves, the ones responsible for sensory perception, motor function and autonomic processes. The prevalence of which is relatively high, 7% suffer within a year of being diagnosed with diabetes and half of diabetics suffer from it by the time they harbor […]

How Can Selenium Help the Thyroid?

How Can Selenium Help the Thyroid?

Selenium is a micronutrient that generally has a positive effect on our immunity. Many studies have proven Selenium to be beneficial to most immune responses in our body. Like the armed forces that branches into the army, the navy and air force, our bodies have different groups of defence mechanisms which have similar goals but […]

Borderline Diabetes

diabetest test

Borderline diabetes is also called “prediabetes”. It means that your blood glucose levels are higher than they are in normal people but are not high enough to be considered as having type 2 diabetes.  Prediabetes is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes within the next ten years.  If you suffer from borderline diabetes, […]

Sugar Alcohols

Sugar Alcohols

Sugar alcohols represent a classification of molecules that act as low-calorie sweeteners. They can be found in many foods a diabetic eats, such as sugar-free gum, puddings that advertise that they are “no sugar added”, cookies, and ice cream.  In these types of foods, you’ll find that they contain sugar alcohols instead of sugar, which […]

Symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis, or simply DKA, is one of the complications of diabetes mellitus. It occurs suddenly, is severe and can be life-threatening if neglected. The diabetic ketoacidosis is a complex metabolic state comprising of increased blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), increased production and presence of ketone acids in the blood (ketonemia) and acidic changes in the […]

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