Type 1 Diabetes Causes

Diabetes and Blindness

No one knows the exact cause of type 1 diabetes. In the vast majority of patients who have type 1 diabetes, the disease is a result of a problem in the immune system. Normally the immune system helps fight off pathogens, such as viruses and bacteria. Instead of making antibodies to fight off pathogens, the […]

Insulin Types

Insulin Types

When insulin was first developed, animal sources of insulin were used, particularly bovine or porcine insulin (from cattle or pigs).  There were many complications of using these types of insulin, including allergies to animal insulin.  It was then when human insulin was described and was synthesized in the laboratory. In today’s time, the major insulin […]

Fish Oil Lowers Triglycerides With Little or No Glycemic Effect in Type 2 Diabetics

Fish Oil Lowers Triglycerides With Little or No Glycemic Effect in Type 2 Diabetics

Many doctors recommend fish oil, which is high in omega 3 fatty acids, to their diabetic patients. Fish oil generally comes from cold water ocean fish such as salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines. There are three different types of omega 3 fatty acids: 1) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), 2) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and 3) alpha-linolenic acid. […]

What is A1c?

What is A1c?

Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that is used to screen patients for prediabetes and diabetes.  It is also called the glycated hemoglobin level or the A1c level.   It is made when the high blood glucose levels attach themselves to hemoglobin, forming “sugar-coated” hemoglobin.  The greater the average glucose levels, the high is the amount […]

Insulin Definition

Insulin Definition

Insulin is a protein secreted by the islet cells of the pancreas.  It is used to allow glucose to enter the cells of the body to be used for cellular metabolism.  People who have type 1 diabetes have antibodies that have destroyed the islet cells so they no longer make insulin.  Those with type 2 […]

Hba1c Normal Range

Hba1c Normal Range

The hemoglobin A1c, also known as the HgbA1c or glycated hemoglobin level, is a measurement of the amount of sugar found on hemoglobin.  Because red blood cells containing hemoglobin live only about 120 days, the test only measures how “sugar-coated” the red blood cell hemoglobin has been over the previous 2-3 months.  The test is […]

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