What is A1c?

What is A1c?

Last updated on June 19th, 2016Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that is used to screen patients for prediabetes and diabetes.  It is also called the glycated hemoglobin level or the A1c level.   It is made when the high blood glucose levels attach themselves to hemoglobin, forming “sugar-coated” hemoglobin.  The greater the average glucose levels, […]

Insulin Definition

Insulin Definition

Last updated on June 19th, 2016Insulin is a protein secreted by the islet cells of the pancreas.  It is used to allow glucose to enter the cells of the body to be used for cellular metabolism.  People who have type 1 diabetes have antibodies that have destroyed the islet cells so they no longer make […]

Hba1c Normal Range

Hba1c Normal Range

Last updated on June 19th, 2016The hemoglobin A1c, also known as the HgbA1c or glycated hemoglobin level, is a measurement of the amount of sugar found on hemoglobin.  Because red blood cells containing hemoglobin live only about 120 days, the test only measures how “sugar-coated” the red blood cell hemoglobin has been over the previous […]

Insulin Injection Sites

Insulin Injection Sites

Last updated on June 19th, 2016If you use insulin, you will have various injection sites for use in injecting exogenous insulin.  The most common site for injecting insulin is the stomach or abdomen.  Other common areas include the upper part of the arms, the upper aspect of the hips or buttocks, and the outer aspect […]

Diabetic Dermopathy

Diabetic Dermopathy

Last updated on June 19th, 2016Diabetic dermopathy is a condition associated with the skin of diabetics.  The lesions of diabetic dermopathy look light brown or red in color, are round or oval in shape, and are slightly indented and scaly patches that are more commonly found on the shins of diabetic patients.  They can occur […]

Functions of insulin

Functions of insulin

Last updated on June 24th, 2016Insulin is a protein-based hormone that is made by the beta cells of the pancreas.  Most people know that insulin is the hormone that helps the body’s cells put glucose into the cells for use as cellular fuel.  In the absence of insulin, the cells do not have enough biochemical […]

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