What is A1c?

What is A1c?

Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that is used to screen patients for prediabetes and diabetes.  It is also called the glycated hemoglobin level or the A1c level.   It is made when the high blood glucose levels attach themselves to hemoglobin, forming “sugar-coated” hemoglobin.  The greater the average glucose levels, the high is the amount […]

Insulin Definition

Insulin Definition

Insulin is a protein secreted by the islet cells of the pancreas.  It is used to allow glucose to enter the cells of the body to be used for cellular metabolism.  People who have type 1 diabetes have antibodies that have destroyed the islet cells so they no longer make insulin.  Those with type 2 […]

Hba1c Normal Range

Hba1c Normal Range

The hemoglobin A1c, also known as the HgbA1c or glycated hemoglobin level, is a measurement of the amount of sugar found on hemoglobin.  Because red blood cells containing hemoglobin live only about 120 days, the test only measures how “sugar-coated” the red blood cell hemoglobin has been over the previous 2-3 months.  The test is […]

Insulin Injection Sites

Insulin Injection Sites

If you use insulin, you will have various injection sites for use in injecting exogenous insulin.  The most common site for injecting insulin is the stomach or abdomen.  Other common areas include the upper part of the arms, the upper aspect of the hips or buttocks, and the outer aspect of the thighs.  These are […]

Diabetic Dermopathy

Diabetic Dermopathy

Diabetic dermopathy is a condition associated with the skin of diabetics.  The lesions of diabetic dermopathy look light brown or red in color, are round or oval in shape, and are slightly indented and scaly patches that are more commonly found on the shins of diabetic patients.  They can occur at any time but tend […]

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