Category Archives for "Symptoms"

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Insipidus

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus is a heterogenous disorder, wherein large volumes of dilute urine are excreted. The body loses its capacity to concentrate excreted urine. The hormone responsible for regulating fluid balance is called arginine vasopressin (AVP), also called vasopressin or anti-diuretic hormone. In diabetes Insipidus, patients could have either a deficiency in this hormone or a […]

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 2

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes mellitus type II is formerly known as Adult-onset diabetes or Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. This condition arises from the inefficient use of an endogenously secreted hormone, called insulin. It has become a global epidemic affecting 370 million people worldwide. It is characterized by a classic triad of symptoms namely, polydipsia, polyuria and polyphagia. Most […]

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1

Pathophysiology of Diabetes Type 1

Type I diabetes mellitus, formerly referred to as juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. This condition is known to occur at any age group, but the majority of affected individuals are diagnosed in their mid-teenage years. This condition is characterized by a deficiency in the pancreatic hormone, called insulin. Insulin is particularly produced by […]

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Pathophysiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the potentially life-threatening acute complications of diabetes mellitus. In the past, diabetic ketoacidosis was considered as the hallmark of Type I diabetes, but current data show that it can be also diagnosed in patients with type II diabetes mellitus. It is often seen among patients who are poorly compliant to […]

Borderline Diabetes

diabetest test

Borderline diabetes is also called “prediabetes”. It means that your blood glucose levels are higher than they are in normal people but are not high enough to be considered as having type 2 diabetes.  Prediabetes is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes within the next ten years.  If you suffer from borderline diabetes, […]

Signs of Diabetes in Women

Diabetes mellitus is considered a type of metabolic disease in which the individual has elevated levels of blood glucose in the bloodstream because of a lack of insulin or because the cells are relatively resistant to the insulin being produced by the pancreas. Diabetes doesn’t discriminate.  It affects both men and women, and affects people […]

What is A1c?

What is A1c?

Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that is used to screen patients for prediabetes and diabetes.  It is also called the glycated hemoglobin level or the A1c level.   It is made when the high blood glucose levels attach themselves to hemoglobin, forming “sugar-coated” hemoglobin.  The greater the average glucose levels, the high is the amount […]

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